YPT LTD
YPT Ltd: PAT Testing service:
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YPT Ltd Portable Appliance Testing service speciaise in the best possible service for your business using Megger computerisd PAT equipment to the latest requirements of the IEE code of practice.

Let us test your IT Equipment, Power tools, 11ov, 230v, 415, Equipment. FOC plug rewire, plugs & Fuse replacment. Out of hours service provided.


Contractor Items:

contractor items

contractor items

Site Map
Policy for the Safety Inspection and Testing of Portable Electrical Appliances Introduction.
Legal Requirements.
Definition of Portable Electrical Appliance.
Identification of Equipment.
Inspection and testing procedure.
Records.
Labelling of appliances.
User checks.
Students' own appliances.
Employees' own appliances.
Dangerous Appliances.

Policy for the Safety Inspection and Testing of Portable Electrical Appliances Introduction.

Nearly a quarter of all electrical accidents reported to the enforcement authorities involve portable electrical appliances. The majority of these accidents result in electric shock; others result in fires. A major cause of such accidents is failure to maintain the equipment. The likelihood of accidents occurring and their severity will vary depending on the type of electrical equipment, the way in which it is used, and the environment in which it is used.

Up to 1994, inspection and testing of portable electrical appliances by the Buildings and Estates Office (BEO) was carried out annually and the results of the inspections and tests recorded.

In 1994, and again in 1997, risk assessments based on an analysis of the failure rates of appliances indicated that certain categories of appliances were exhibiting low rates of failure and this fact, together with updated written guidance from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) IND(G)160L "Maintaining portable electrical equipment in offices and other low risk environments", prompted a move away from a rigid annual inspection and test regime to one where the frequency of inspection and test was dictated by the type of appliance, its failure rate, the working environment in which the appliance was being used, and the guidance on the frequency of testing given by the HSE.

Thus, this revised policy is largely based on guidance from the HSE referred to above, as well as booklet HS(G)107 "Maintaining portable and transportable electrical equipment". The policy outlines the steps the University will take to control the risks arising from the use of portable electrical appliances.

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Legal Requirements.

The particular legal requirements relating to the use and maintenance of electrical equipment are contained in the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989. Regulation 4(2) requires that:

"as may be necessary to prevent danger, all systems shall be maintained so as to prevent so far as is reasonably practicable, such danger."

This legal requirement covers all items of electrical equipment including fixed, portable and transportable equipment, but the policy described in this section of the Manual of Safety refers only to portable (including transportable) electrical appliances.

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Definition of Portable Electrical Appliance.

For the purposes of this policy, a portable electrical appliance is taken to be an item of equipment which is not part of a fixed installation but is, or is intended to be, connected to a fixed installation, or a generator, by means of a flexible cable and a plug and socket. It includes equipment that is either hand held or hand operated while connected to the supply, or is intended to be moved while connected to the supply, or is likely to be moved while connected to the supply.

Though there are no universally accepted definitions of what is meant by portable electrical equipment, the definition given in paragraph 6 indicates the types of equipment covered by this policy document, the supply to the equipment being at a voltage which can potentially result in risk of fatal electric shock to any person, ie when it is more than 50V ac or 120V dc. Extension leads, plugs and sockets, and cord sets which supply portable equipment are classed as portable equipment since they operate in the same environment and are subject to the same use as the equipment they serve.

Office Items:


office equipment

laptop computer

home computer

pc monitor

computer modem

desk fan


Household Items:

television

home entertainment equipment

iron


Kitchen Items:

blender

food processor

electric carving knife

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Identification of Equipment

Each portable electrical appliance will be identified by the BEO with a unique number permanently affixed to the appliance. The individual sockets of multi-socket boards/blocks and extension leads will be individually identified. The number together with a description of the appliance will be entered into a database.

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Inspection and testing procedure.

A formal test and/or inspection of each appliance will be organised by the BEO and carried out by an electrician at the appropriate frequency depending upon the category of appliance. The categories of appliance and frequencies of test/inspection are detailed in Appendix 1. If an appliance does not fall within one of the categories listed, the Safety Office must be consulted about the appropriate test/inspection frequency.

The BEO electricians require the assistance of the department owning the appliances and will only test those appliances that are made available to them by the department. The electrician will not, for example, search for equipment that is hidden in cupboards.

It should be noted that, whilst the BEO will endeavour to carry out tests/inspections of new (if they are a type that requires testing - see paragraph 17), missed or repaired appliances speedily, this cannot be at the expense of the overall testing/inspection programme and inevitably delays will occur.

Where testing is required, the electrician will utilise a portable appliance tester (PAT) and follow a standard set of tests detailed in Appendix 2. .

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Records.

A schedule of all appliances tested/inspected will be maintained on a database together with the date, the name of the electrician carrying out the work and the result.

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Labelling of appliances.

Each appliance will be labelled after a successful test/inspection to indicate the date after which it must not be used unless retested. The period between the date of test and the date written on the label must not be greater than the period listed in Appendix 1 for that type of appliance. No appliance may be used after the date specified on the label until it has been successfully retested. No appliance without a test/inspection label may be used unless it is a new appliance which complies with the conditions described in paragraph 17 below. Appliances which fail a test/inspection will be labelled to indicate that they must not be used. Such appliances must be repaired or condemned by a qualified person and retested by an electrician before being taken back into use. It is the responsibility of the Department owning the appliance to arrange repair and notify the BEO for retesting.

Inspections and tests of new appliances

The following types of new or modified appliances must not be used until tested by the BEO

hand tools and any associated leads

cleaning equipment and any associated leads

equipment manufactured or modified on campus or at a similar establishment.

All other new equipment, because of the negligible failure rates previously determined, may be used without testing until that type of equipment is next due for testing within that department. A label, indicating that the equipment is new, must be fixed to the equipment by the department and the date by which it must be tested written on the label. This date will be the same as that written on the labels fixed to other departmental equipment of a similar type that has been tested. The labels may be obtained from the Safety Office.

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User checks.

Employees have responsibilities whilst at work to take reasonable care for the health and safety of themselves and other persons who may be affected by the way in which they carry out their work, and to report to supervisory staff any situation which they may suspect is potentially hazardous. These requirements form part of the University's Statement of Safety Policy.

A simple checklist whereby users can periodically check a portable electrical appliance visually for safety is given in Appendix 3. Any faults identified must be reported to the BEO, or, where appropriate, to a departmental technician, and the appliance taken out of use. The frequency of user checks will depend upon the type of appliance and the environment in which it is used. For example, a heavily used floor cleaning machine will require more frequent checks by the user than, say, an office computer which remains undisturbed at a work station. Advice on the frequency of user checks can be obtained from the Safety Office or the BEO Electrical section.

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Students' own appliances.

This policy does not apply to portable electrical appliances brought in to residential accommodation by students. The safety of such appliances is the responsibility of the students owning them. Students in residence will be provided with written information on the safe use of such appliances on first taking up residence and may in addition utilise the check list in Appendix 3 of this document if they so wish in order to ensure the safety of themselves and of other persons who may be affected.

The responsibility for effecting repairs or replacement of parts, etc to appliances brought to light by any such inspections is that of the students.

Portable electrical appliances owned by students are occasionally brought on to campus and used as part of their academic work in departments. This policy applies to such appliances as if they were the property of the University.

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Employees' own appliances.

portable cd player


Portable electrical appliances owned by employees are occasionally brought on to campus and used in the workplace. This policy applies to such appliances as if they were the property of the University.

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Dangerous Appliances.

Where an electrician finds any portable electrical appliance in use which in his opinion gives rise to an imminent risk of serious personal injury to the user or others, he will, where appropriate, remove the plug from the appliance or take any other similar action to render the appliance safe. No liability for loss of work/data or other inconvenience will be accepted.

General Items:

hairdryer

hair clippers


PAT testing equipment • Fast Testing
• Tests 110 V, 230 V and IT equipment
• Full Test capabilities
• Compatible with latest IEE Code of Practice
• Extension Lead Testing
• QWERTY keyboard
• 10-Year Real TIme Clock
• Integral Database
• Parallel Printer Port
• RS232 Communication
• Backlight

 

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V.A.T REG No 820801465